Positive Psychosocial Factors Associated with the University Student’s Engagement



Maria Fernanda Durón Ramos1, *, Fernanda Inéz García Vázquez y2, Lucia Poggio Lagares3
1 Psychology, Technological Institute of Sonora, Highway to Guaymas International Airport Km 3, CP. 85400, Mexico
2 Education, Technological Institute of Sonora, Highway to Guaymas International Airport Km 3, CP. 85400, Mexico
3 Psychology, European University of Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Background:

Student’s performance comes from the engagement they have with the academic activities of their institution. This conviction is determined by multiple factors both internal and external. Student´s engagement is a key factor in academic performance at the university.

Objective:

The general objective of this study was to find the relationship between the factors of emotional intelligence, orientation to happiness and positive social relationships within the school with the engagement of university students in a population of Mexico.

Method:

A stratified probabilistic sampling of students from a public higher education institution in the city of Guaymas, Sonora, was conducted. A total of 226 students answered the self-report, 52% were women, and 48% were men. A model of structural equations was performed to evaluate the relationships between the studied factors.

Results:

The results show that positive factors, both social (relationships with teachers and classmates) and personal (emotional intelligence and orientation to happiness), maintain a direct and significant relationship with the university student’s engagement.

Conclusion:

To improve the student’s engagement in university activities is necessary to promote personal issues such as emotional intelligence and orientation to happiness. It is also important to foster good social relationships with teachers and classmates.

Keywords: Student´s engagement, Psychosocial, Emotional intelligence, Well-being, Happiness, University, Academic performance.


Abstract Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 11
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPSYJ-2018-45

Article History:

Received Date: 15/08/2018
Revision Received Date: 16/10/2018
Acceptance Date: 31/10/2018
Electronic publication date: 15/11/2018
Collection year: 2018

© 2018 Ramos et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Psychology, Technological Institute of Sonora, Highway to Guaymas International Airport Km 3, CP. 85400, Mexico, Tel:52016222210032 + 6283, Email: fernandaduron@gmail.com; maria.duron@itson.edu.mx.