Structural Equation Model (SEM) of Matrilineal Parenting, Family and Community Environments on Adolescent Characters in Padang City, Indonesia Alternate Title: Structural Equation Model (SEM) of Matrilineal Parenting



Muhammad Natsir1, Ace Suryadi2, Mustofa Kamil3, Elih Sudiapermana4, J. Julia5, *
1 Community Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia,
2 Community Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia,
3 Community Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia,
4 Community Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia,
5 Elementary Teacher Education Program, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia,

Abstract

Introduction:

This research aims to explain the effect of family and community environment on the causal relationship between matrilineal parenting and adolescent characters.

Methods:

This research employs a survey with a cross-sectional design. The population was mothers with adolescent children living in Padang City, Indonesia. The survey was distributed using Google Form, and the data were analyzed using Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM).

Result:

The analysis revealed five findings, as follows; (1) family environment had a significant positive influence on adolescent characters; (2) family environment had a positive influence on matrilineal parenting; (3) community environment did not have an influence on adolescent characters; (4) community environment matrilineal parenting; and (5) matrilineal parenting had a positive influence on adolescent characters.

Conclusion:

Matrilineal parenting and the family environment greatly influenced the character buildings of adolescents. There are three matrilineal parenting components to provide guidance and direction to adolescents, namely mothers, fathers, and Mamak (mothers' siblings). When the matrilineal parenting style and family environment are considered good, adolescents will have a strong character not easily influenced by the other factors.

Keyword: SEM-PLS, Adolescent characters, Family environment, Community environment, Matrilineal parenting.


Abstract Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2021
Volume: 14
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPSYJ-2020-81

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 25/5/2021
Collection year: 2021

© 2021 Natsir et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at Elementary Teacher Education Program, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia; E-mail: juli@upi.edu