Dilemma Between Applying Coherent Principle and Signaling Principles In Interactive Learning Media

Baharuddin1, Sutarto Hadi2, Abdul Hamid2, Ariffin Abdul Mutalib3, Juhriyansyah Dalle4, *
1 Department of Electrical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia
2 Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
3 School of Multimedia Technology and Communication, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
4 Department of Information Technology, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia



Studies on developing multimedia content for eLearning have widely been conducted. In previous studies, multimedia learning contents were developed without applying any principles, making them less efficient in supporting user’s mental effort. To this end, this study extends the current state by applying the coherence principle and signaling principle to make the multimedia learning content usable and interesting to use. Furthermore, the paper aims at describing the dilemma when applying both principles together.

Materials and Methods:

In this study, a four-phase methodology has been used. First, a prototype has been developed by applying the coherence principle and signaling principle. Following the development, five experts were consulted for identifying flaws in the developed prototype through a walkthrough session.


Finally, this paper showcases the flaws gathered by the experts for further improvement.

Keywords: Coherence principle, Signaling principle, Interactive learning media.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 11
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPSYJ-2018-48

Article History:

Received Date: 28/8/2018
Revision Received Date: 18/10/2018
Acceptance Date: 31/10/2018
Electronic publication date: 15/11/2018
Collection year: 2018

© 2018 Baharuddin et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Information Technology, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia, Tel: +6281312979899; E-mail: muhammadzaini@unlam.ac.id