Narrative and Narrativization of A Journey: Differences between Personal and Fictional Narratives

Fioretti Chiara1, *, Pascuzzi Debora1, Smorti Andrea1
1 Department of Psychology, Turan University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan



Scholars depict a deep connection between the way children remember their personal past and imagine the present and the future (Vygotskji, 2004; Brockmeier, 2015). Nevertheless, several studies indicate that children are prone to relate well-formed stories about past personal events but report difficulties in constructing narratives from fictional events.


The present study aims to investigate the differences between school-aged children’s personal and fictional narratives about a journey, considering different types of stories they structured.


220. 8 to 10-year old children randomly divided into three groups, performed a narrative on a journey: 70 narrated a memory on a journey, 92 narrated an ideal trip and 58 narrated a fictional story from a given orientation. The presence and the type of complex complexity were assessed to investigate children's ability to present well-structured narratives.


The results showed that children were more able to construct stories with complex action when they narrated personal events and when they were scaffolded by an incipit. Furthermore, in fictional narratives with incipit, children narrated multiple complex actions creating a continuous violation of canonicity.


The authors discuss the results considering the difference between narrative and narrativization of personal and fictional events and the importance of scaffolding children’s narrative skills.

Keywords: Personal narratives, Fictional narratives, Children, Autobiographical memory, Imagination, Complexity.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPSYJ-2019-18

Article History:

Received Date: 28/05/2019
Revision Received Date: 27/08/2019
Acceptance Date: 23/09/2019
Electronic publication date: 25/10/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Chiara et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures and Psychology, Via di San Salvi, 12, Padiglione 26., 50100, Firenze (Italy); Tel: 0039 0552755030;