RESEARCH ARTICLE


Construct Validity Of Rorschach Space Responses



Anna Maria Rosso1, 2, *, Andrea Camoirano2
1 Department of Educational Sciences, Unit of Psychology, Genoa University, Genoa, Italy
2 Associazione Psicologia Clinica, Genoa, Italy


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© 2019 Rosso and Camoirano.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Educational Sciences (DISFOR), Unit of Psychology, University of Genoa, Corso Podestà 2, 16129 Genova, Italy; Tel: 00390102471236; Fax: 00390102468806;
E-mail: rosso@unige.it


Abstract

Background:

The diagnostic meaning of the Space response, a Rorschach variable, is far from established. Previous studies on Rorschach Space responses suggested that different figure-ground relationships, shown in the three subtypes of Space responses (Integration, Reversal, and Fusion), could indicate different psychological processes.

Objective:

The aim of the current study was to investigate the construct validity of Space responses in a nonclinical sample by exploring the association of the three different types of Space responses with (a) the observer-rated motor, emotional, and cognitive components of aggression; and (b) the direction and emotional regulation of aggression in socially frustrating situations.

Methods:

The Rorschach Inkblot Method and the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study were administered to 151 volunteers from a nonclinical community sample. The Aggression Questionnaire was administered as an observer-rated version to the participants’ mothers. Correlation analyses were performed to investigate the associations between the three different Space responses, the scores reported on the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, and the observer-reported scores on the Aggression Questionnaire.

Conclusion:

This study offers support for differentiating the three types of mutually exclusive Space responses. Space reversal responses were found to be indicative of a propensity to direct aggression outward in the context of frustrating interpersonal situations, whereas Space fusion responses positively correlated with a greater amount of anger feelings and hostile thoughts associated with a deficit in anger and emotional regulation that may contribute to impair reality testing. As with previous studies, no association between S integration responses and anger or aggression was observed.

Keywords: Rorschach, Space responses, Frustration, Anger, Hostility, Self-assertion.