Effect of Students' Emotions on their Positive Psychology: A Study of Higher Education Institutions

Rajat Grover1, Arun Aggarwal1, *, Amit Mittal1
1 Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Punjab, India

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© 2020 Grover et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Punjab, India; E-mail:



In the higher education sector, anticipating and fostering positive emotions manifest the view of positive psychology is considered as an essential practice.


The present study aims to identify and statistically validate the different types of students’ emotional indicators.


A survey was carried out in three cities, namely Mumbai, Pune, and Chandigarh of India. A total of 566 valid survey responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated six sets of emotions measurement indicators, namely anger, disgust, happiness, positive emotions, sadness, and fear for measuring students’ emotions.


Further, the results of path analysis showed that happiness, positive emotions, sadness, disgust, and fear had positive effect on positive psychology.


Overall, this study highlights the imperativeness of students’ emotional measurement, and the study results provide a deep understanding of both positive and negative emotions measurement, which may further support the overall development of the students, especially in higher education institutions.

Keywords: Emotion , Perceived control , Sadness , Control value theory , Happiness , Structural equation modeling.