RESEARCH ARTICLE

Successful Aging Among a Sample of Iranian Older Adults

The Open Psychology Journal 23 May 2020 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874350102013010067

Abstract

Background:

Successful Aging (SA), as one of the most important indicators of elderly people's health, has received substantial attention in the gerontological literature.

Objective:

The present study aimed to identify the successful aging status and its associated factors.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted using the stratified multistage sampling method. In 2015, a total of 600 community-dwelling participants aged 60 years or older in Tehran participated in this study. The SA was measured by a validated questionnaire consisting of seven dimensions. A Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was done using SPSS to identify the most important predictors of SA.

Results:

The mean age of the participants was 69.7 (SD=7.5), and around 46% of them were retired. The mean score of the composite index of the SA was 65.6 (SD=10.8; expected range 0-100). The results of the study showed that 11.2% of the participants were aging successfully. The results of the stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed that childhood health status, socioeconomic status in childhood, level of education, marital status, income, and the number of diseases are significantly contributed to successful aging.

Conclusion:

The results of the present study showing only a few of the participants are aging successfully, imply that social and health policymakers must pay more attention to the aging population, particularly those with low social status and chronic medical status.

Keywords: Aged, Childhood health status, Childhood socio-economic status, Successful aging, Aging population, Socioeconomic status.
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