The Impact of Quarantine on Emotions During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Gintaras Chomentauskas1, *, Edita Dereškevičiūtė1, Gustė Kalanavičiūtė2, Rasa Ališauskienė2, Kristina Paulauskaitė2
1 Human Study Center, Vilnius, Lithuania
2 Baltic Surveys / The Gallup Organization, Vilnius, Lithuania



The present study explores how the general population of Lithuania felt during the national quarantine of COVID-19 in the period from March 30th to June 8th 2020. Representative samples were interviewed five times using single-item questions adapted from to evaluate their emotions, stress, and perceived pain levels.


It was hypothesized that gender and age-related differences would be found in emotional responses to the quarantine.

Results and Discussion:

During the five polls taken, more women were found to report feeling stressed, anxious, sad, and in more physical pain than men. Evaluations of anger, enjoyment, and calmness provided no statistically significant gender differences. Emotions were found to differ significantly between three age groups (18–29, 30–49, 50–74).


Contrary to expectations, the biggest negative impact of quarantine was found in the youngest group aged 18–29 years: it showed highest prevalence of stress, anxiety, and sadness of all age groups. Possible explanations for different gender and age-related emotional reactions are discussed.

Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic, Quarantine, Emotion dynamics, Emotional reactions.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2021
Volume: 14
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPSYJ-2021-11

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 5/8/2021
Collection year: 2021

© 2021 Chomentauskas et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Human Study Center, Vilnius, Lithuania; E-mail: