The Predictive Role of IQ, Mood, Emotional Reactivity, and Effortful Control on Working Memory among Hafidz Qur’an

Evi Afifah Hurriyati1, 2, *, Efi Fitriana1, Surya Cahyadi1, Willis Srisayekti1
1 Department of Phychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java45363, Indonesia
2 Bina Nusantara University, West Jakarta 11530, Indonesia

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© 2022 Hurriyati et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl raya Bandung Sumedang No.KM 21, Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia; Tel: 0215345830; E-mails: evi16007@mail.unpad.ac.id, e_afifah@binus.ac.id


Memorizing the Qur’an is one of the working memory activities as several factors influence the activity of memorizing the Qur’an. However, some argue that memorizing the Qur’an would rather be influenced by the efforts made to maintain perseverance, attention, and mood than the level of individual intelligence. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive role of the variables in working memory among the Qur’an memorizer, who is called hafidz. This study involved 169 participants from two different universities that hold Tahfidz Qur’an between the age of 17 and 25 were selected from. The participants were asked to fill out four questionnaires (Mood, Emotional Reactivity, Effortful Control, and Working Memory) and paper-and-pencil based IQ test. Based on multiple regression analysis performed, this study found that effortful control was the most significant predictor to working memory, attention and executive within working memory. Effortful attention likewise predicted working memory, attention and execution within working memory. In addition, this study showed that, except emotional reactivity, the other independent variables were the predictors of working memory or its dimensions.

Keywords: Effortful control, IQ, Mood, Emotional reactivity, Working memory, Level of intelligence.