RESEARCH ARTICLE

Parental Autonomy Support and Psychological Well-Being in University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Autonomy Satisfaction

The Open Psychology Journal 19 Oct 2022 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.18743501-v15-e2208100

Abstract

Background

University students, as emerging adults, have autonomy as one of their central developmental tasks. Parents need to provide an autonomy-supportive environment to encourage students to act based on their volition, benefiting their psychological well-being. This study aims to explore the effect of parental autonomy support on psychological well-being by the mediation of autonomy satisfaction.

Methods

227 university students in Indonesia (21.6% male, 78.4% female) aged 18-24 years old (M = 20.73; SD = 0.93) participated in the study and completed an online survey. We used three validated Indonesian version questionnaires: Parental Autonomy Support, Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration, and Psychological Well-Being.

Results

The result shows that autonomy satisfaction fully mediated the relationship between parental autonomy support and psychological well-being.

Conclusion

This finding supported the self-determination theory framework and implied the importance of parental autonomy support in enhancing university students' psychological well-being, especially in pandemic situations.

Keywords: Parental autonomy support, Autonomy satisfaction, Psychological well-being, University students, COVID-19, Pandemic.
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