Deep Knowledge Principles as a Mediating Factor between Neuroticism and Sports Anxiety
Ming Hung Lin1, *, Mei Hua Huang2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e18743501257152
Publisher ID: e18743501257152
Article History:Received Date: 26/04/2023
Revision Received Date: 25/07/2023
Acceptance Date: 15/08/2023
Electronic publication date: 26/10/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study aimed to investigate the relationship between neuroticism and sports anxiety and the mediating effect of the Principles for Deep Knowledge (PDK) on this relationship among athletes.
130 athletes (males = 81, females = 49) actively competing in 16 sports teams completed three tests: the 12-item Neuroticism sub-scale of the NEO Personality Inventory, the PDK Survey, and the Sport Competition Anxiety Test.
The results revealed neuroticism to be significantly correlated to sports anxiety, especially in female athletes, and females have been found to have a higher tendency toward neuroticism. Furthermore, mediating analyses demonstrated the mediating role of PDK in linking neuroticism and sports anxiety.
This study has concluded five PDK Alternating, Contrasting and Complementing, Changing and Transforming, Contradiction, and Void as better approaches to assist female athletes with high neuroticism in reducing sports anxiety. These five principles can be developed as five training approaches to avoid attitudes indicative of neuroticism and as potential coping strategies. These propositions can be developed into an outline for future research.