RESEARCH ARTICLE


Acculturation Process and Life Domains: Different Perceptions of Native and Immigrant Adults in Italy



Nadia Rania1, *, Stefania Rebora1, Laura Migliorini1, Maria Soledad Navas2
1 Departmenent of Educational Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
2 Centro de Estudio de las Migraciones y las Relaciones interculturales (CEMyRI), Universidad de Almería, Almería, Spain


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© 2019 Rania et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Educational Sciences, University of Genoa, Italy; Email: nadia.rania@unige.it


Abstract

Background:

Acculturation process has taken up a relevant place in cross-cultural psychology by demonstrating the strong relationships between cultural context and individual behavioral development.

Aim:

The purpose of this study is to analyse acculturation strategies and attitudes in different life domains of native and immigrant adults living in Italy, following the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM).

Methods:

The participants were 250 Italian native and 100 immigrant adults who completed a questionnaire with items to measure their acculturation strategies (real plane) and attitudes (ideal plane), in general and related to different life domains (peripheral and central).

Results:

Results revealed that the acculturation attitude of immigrants is integration, whereas Italians prefer their assimilation.

Conclusion:

However, when different life domains are taken into account, immigrants claim to put in practice and prefer integration in most of the domains, whereas Italians perceive immigrants are separated but they prefer their assimilation or integration, depending on the specific domain.

Key words: : Acculturation strategies and attitudes, Adults, Immigrants and Natives, Acculturation domains, RAEM, Real plane.