RESEARCH ARTICLE


Structural Equation Model (SEM) of Matrilineal Parenting, Family and Community Environments on Adolescent Behavior in Padang City, Indonesia



Muhammad Natsir1, Ace Suryadi1, Mustofa Kamil1, Elih Sudiapermana1, J. Julia2, *
1 Department of Community Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
2 Department of Elementary Teacher Education Program, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Natsir et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Elementary Teacher Education Program, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia; E-mail: juli@upi.edu


Abstract

Introduction:

This research aims to explain the effect of family and community environment on the causal relationship between matrilineal parenting and adolescent behavior.

Methods:

This research employs a survey with a cross-sectional design. The population was mothers with adolescent children living in Padang City, Indonesia. The survey was distributed using Google Form, and the data were analyzed using Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM).

Results:

The analysis revealed five findings as follows: (1) family environment has a significant positive influence on adolescent behavior; (2) family environment has a positive influence on matrilineal parenting; (3) community environment does not have an influence on adolescent behavior; (4) community environment does not have an influence on matrilineal parenting; and (5) matrilineal parenting has a positive influence on adolescent behavior.

Conclusion:

Matrilineal parenting and the family environment greatly influence the behavior of adolescents. There are three matrilineal parenting components that provide guidance and direction to adolescents, namely mothers, fathers, and Mamak (uncle). When the matrilineal parenting style and family environment are good, adolescents have a strong personality that is not easily influenced by other factors.

Keywords: SEM-PLS, Adolescent behavior, Family environment, Community environment, Matrilineal parenting, Parenting.