Elderly Muslim Wellbeing: Family Support, Participation in Religious Activities, and Happiness

Taufik Taufik1, *, Ajeng N. Dumpratiwi1, Nanik Prihartanti1, Daliman Daliman1
1 Department of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia

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© 2021 Taufik et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jl. A. Yani No 1 Kartasura, Indonesia; E-mail:



The aim of this study was to examine the effect of family support and participation in religious activities on the happiness of elderly muslims.


An increase in the number of older age people should be balanced with the increased quality of their life. The quality of life is influenced by internal factors such as self-quality, as well as external factors such as family support and religious activities.


The objective of this research was to identify differences in the level of happiness of elderly muslims based on several factors: Work, health, salary, Islamic study, and marriage.


Three hundred and ten elderly muslims (133 male, 177 female) participated in this study. Respondents were selected by simple random sampling of the elderly muslim population in seven districts in Central Java province, Indonesia.


The results showed 1) there was a correlation between family support and participation in religious activities and the happiness of elderly Muslims, 2) a healthy elderly person has a higher level of happiness than a sick elderly person; elderly who partake in Islamic studies one to two times a week have higher happiness than the elderly who do not; the retired elderly have the highest happiness compared to the elderly who still work and the elderly who do not (the lowest level of happiness), and there was no difference in the level of happiness in terms of salary and marriage.


Family support and participation in religious activities are the main predictors of subjective well-being in the muslim elderly. In addition, there are other predictors such as health and participation in Islamic studies.

Keywords: Family support, Participation in religious activities, Happiness, Elderly muslims, Subjective well being, Salary.