RESEARCH ARTICLE


Parenting-Related Self-Compassion Scale (P-SCS): Adaptation and Validation in Indonesian Parents



Bewizta Maurilla Hasyyati1, Fitri Ariyanti Abidin2, 3, *
1 Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, West Java
2 Department of General and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia
3 Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Hasyyati and Abidin

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of General and Experimental Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia; Tel: 022-7794126; E-mail: fitri.ariyanti.abidin@unpad.ac.id


Abstract

Background:

Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a self-report instrument of self-compassion in the general population. When applied to the parenting context, SCS has limitations in reflecting the difficulties parents face due to the specific characteristic in parenting. This restriction makes it not fully reflect the parenting self-compassion. Therefore, the present study aims to adapt and validate the SCS-modification in parenting (P-SCS) using six steps based on ITC guidance.

Methods:

We analyzed construct validity using factor structure, convergent validity with Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), and reliability using internal consistency. Two hundreds and eight parents were recruited for this study (Mean age = 37.32, SD = 5.113, Female = 191, Male = 17).

Results:

CFA analysis showed that the P-SCS has a fairly good fit model (X2 / df = 1.781; RMSEA = 0.061; GFI = 0.87; CFI = 0.96; NFI = 0.92; IFI = 0.96). Second-order CFA revealed that the six-factor analysis factor approach is more appropriate in analyzing self-compassion compared to the higher-order model. P-SCS has a convergent validity through a moderate correlation with the total RSES score (r = 0.59, p = 0.00) and fairly good reliability (Cronbach's Alpha = 0.870).

Conclusion:

In conclusion, P-SCS is a reliable and valid measure of self-compassion in the Indonesian parenting context.

Keywords: Parenting, Self-compassion, Parenting self-compassion, Scale adaptation, Validation, Parenthood.