RESEARCH ARTICLE


Association Between Cannabis Smoking and Academic Achievement in High-School Students



Yegson Pérez-Martínez1
iD
, Guillermo Augusto Ceballos-Ospino1
iD
, Adalberto Campo-Arias1, *
iD

1 Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Magdalena, Carrera 32 No 22-08, Santa Marta, Colombia


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 101
Abstract HTML Views: 43
PDF Downloads: 62
Total Views/Downloads: 206
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 64
Abstract HTML Views: 31
PDF Downloads: 46
Total Views/Downloads: 141



Creative Commons License
© 2022 Pérez-Martínez et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Magdalena, Carrera 32 No 22-08, Santa Marta, Colombia; Tel: 57 5 438100; Ext: 1338; E-mail: acampoa@unimagdalena.edu.co


Abstract

Background:

Cannabis smoking can affect academic achievement, and depressive symptoms and family dysfunction are also associated with it. The study’s objective was to establish the relationship between cannabis smoking and academic achievement, linked to clinically important depressive symptoms and family dysfunction.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was designed. The authors quantified lifetime cannabis smoking, perception of academic achievement, clinically important depressive symptoms, and family dysfunction. The crude association between cannabis smoking and academic achievement was computed; after it was adjusted by clinically important depressive symptoms and family dysfunction.

Results:

1,462 students between 13 and 17 participated in the research; 11.6% reported lifetime cannabis smoking, 30.8% poor-fair academic achievement; 7.1% clinically important depressive symptoms; and 76.1% family dysfunction. Lifetime cannabis smoking was significantly associated with poor-fair academic achievement after adjusting for clinically important depressive symptoms and family dysfunction (OR = 1.61, 95%CI 1.16 - 2.24).

Conclusion:

Lifetime cannabis smoking is related to poor-fair academic achievement among high-school students in Santa Marta, Colombia.

Keywords: Cannabis smoking, Academic achievement, Students, Cross-sectional studies, Depressive symptoms, Family dysfunction.