RESEARCH ARTICLE


Work Stress and Professional Burnout in Greek Police Officers



Christos Kostas1, Dimitris D. Vlastos1, 2, Paraskevi Theofilou2, 3, *
1 Department of Psychology, SCG - Scientific College of Greece, Athens, Greece
2 SCG Lab of Experimental and Applied Psychology, SCG – Scientific College of Greece, Athens, Greece
3 Hellenic Open University, School of Social Sciences, Patra, Greece


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Creative Commons License
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the SCG Lab of Experimental and Applied Psychology, SCG – Scientific College of Greece, Athens, Greece and Hellenic Open University, School of Social Sciences, Patra, Greece; E-mail: pardrothe@gmail.com


Abstract

Background

The purpose of the study was to explore the views of Greek police officers on the factors that may cause occupational stress and contribute to the development of burnout.

Methods

The study was conducted during the months of February to May 2023 and the sample of the study consisted of 101 active police officers working in various departments and regions of Greece. The research instrument was a questionnaire consisting of four parts (demographic data, two job stress scales and a burnout scale).

Results

The results of the study show that Greek police officers have moderate levels of occupational stress, while it was found that they are not particularly affected by burnout syndrome. It was also shown that their demographic characteristics affect their job stress and burnout. More specifically, it was found that occupational stress among male police officers was lower than among female police officers. Complementarily, this study indicated that police officers did not show a higher mean level on the dimensions of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization but a higher mean level on the dimension of personal achievement.

Conclusion

Therefore, from the overall results, the police officers involved in our study do not seem to be particularly affected by burnout syndrome. It is worth mentioning that the good prevention practices suggested in the study's discussion on managing occupational stress will contribute to the improvement of the police profession in Greece and further reduce the levels of occupational stress and burnout.

Keywords: Occupational stress, Burnout, Active Greek police officers, Antoniou Police Stress Inventory (APSI), Questionnaire, Mental illnesses.