RESEARCH ARTICLE


Can Parenting Styles Affect the Children’s Development of Narcissism? A Systematic Review



Longobardi Claudio*
Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy


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© Longobardi Claudio ; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address Corresponding to this author at the Department of Psychology, University of Turin; Turin, Via Po 14, 10123 TO, Italy; Tel: +39 0116703056; Fax: +39 0116702061; E-mail: claudio.longobardi@unito.it


Abstract

The aim of this paper is to define whether different types of parenting styles (and which ones) affect the child's development in the direction of narcissism, through a systematic review of the studies on the subject in the literature, considering only research published from the Nineties to today. The ten studies considered in this review are representative of the main approaches used to investigate the association between parenting and the emergence of narcissistic features in children. These studies have used different research methods, operationalizing the concept of parenting in diversified ways and showing sensitivity to the multidimensionality of the construct of narcissism. The results of these studies allow us to say that types of positive parenting are more associated in general with the development of healthy narcissistic tendencies, compatible with the normal physical, mental and adaptive child's development.

Keywords: Child development, Family studies, Narcissim, Parenting style, Personality, Systematic review.