RESEARCH ARTICLE


Rasch Analysis of the Indonesian Mental Health Screening Tools



Syamsu Yusuf1, Nandang Budiman1, Eka Sakti Yudha1, Dodi Suryana1, *, Samsiah Mohd Jais Binti Yusof2
1 Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
2 Department of Guidance and Counseling, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Malaysia


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Yusuf et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia; Tel: +62 856-2411-1847, e-mail: dodisuryana@upi.edu


Abstract

Introduction:

Along with massive developments in various aspects of life, mental health is one of the issues that must be discussed to encourage optimal development of an individual. To achieve these goals, we need an instrument that can measure and determine the mental health needs of humans precisely.

Materials and Methods:

The study was conducted using a cross-sectional method with a quantitative research design. Participants in this study were adolescent students from Indonesia and Malaysia. The American Mental Health Screening Tool adapted to Indonesian and Malaysian conditions is used as an instrument to measure mental health. There were 359 people from Indonesia and 171 people from Malaysia participating in this study. This type of parameter needs to be identified by the category coefficient of the RASCH scoring function model for polycotomic responses.

Results and Discussion:

The results showed that the American Screening Tools Mental Health instrument had a unidimensionality value below 15%, which means that the variables on the instrument were able to describe mental health. A total of 4 items were invalid so only 59 items could be used to measure mental health. Cronbach alpha value, which is 0.71 indicates that the instrument has good reliability. The average ability of participants from Indonesia and Malaysia was in the moderate category, but 39 participants from Malaysia and 18 participants from Indonesia gave answers that did not match their ability

Conclusion:

The screening tool instrument is able to describe the variables about mental health. These instruments tend to only describe the mental health of participants who fall into the medium and high categories.

Keywords: Adolescents, Guidance and counseling, Mental health, RASCH Model, Instruments, Preventive action.